Mouth ulcers, also known as canker sores, are small, painful ulcers that appear inside your mouth. They usually develop on the tongue, the inside of the cheeks and inside the lips which can cause pain and irritation, making it difficult for you to eat and drink.
Certain factors can trigger mouth ulcers, such as bacterial, viral or fungal infections, toothpaste and mouth rinses that contain sodium lauryl sulphate, minor mouth injury and deficiency of B12, zinc, and iron vitamins.
Suck on or apply ice chips on the mouth ulcers. The ice will numb the area and reduce pain and inflammation, thereby bringing some instant relief.
2. Alum powder
Alum powder is made from potassium aluminium sulphate, which is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of oral ulcers. Alum is known to have astringent and haemostatic properties that can help contract the tissues and increase the wound healing process by lowering inflammation.
3. Salt water rinse
The antibacterial and antimicrobial properties of salt are well known. It can help reduce the pain and inflammation caused by mouth ulcers and can help dry the sores.
Honey possesses antibacterial and antimicrobial properties. It can help reduce the ulcer size, pain and redness, according to a 2014 study.
5. Baking soda
Baking soda is alkaline in nature and this will help neutralise acids that cause irritation and will also aid in killing bacteria inside the mouth. This will help the ulcer to heal faster.
6. Aloe vera
Aloe vera exhibits anti-inflammatory properties that may help in quick healing of the mouth ulcers. According to a study, aloe vera gel is effective in lowering the ulcer size, pain and inflammation.
7. Coconut oil
The presence of lauric acid in coconut oil can help decrease pain and swelling and reduce the discomfort.
Garlic can help in the reduction of mouth ulcers due to the presence of allicin, a bioactive compound that has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antimicrobial properties.
Chamomile contains anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and mild astringent properties. It is used in traditional medicine to treat wounds, ulcers, bruises, burns, canker sores and other ailments.
10. Vitamin B12
Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin that can help treat canker sores. The vitamin is naturally found in foods such as poultry, eggs, fish, meat and dairy products. Incorporate these foods as a part of your daily diet to lower the ulcers.