EBM News
EBM News

Causes, Symptoms of Phlebitis

Phlebitis is a condition which causes inflammation of the vein. If the inflammation is caused due to a blood clot, it’s called thrombophlebitis and if the blood clot is deep inside the vein, it’s called deep vein thrombosis (DVT).

Types Of Phlebitis
1. Superficial phlebitis – It is the inflammation of veins near the surface of the skin, resulting from a blood clot. This type of phlebitis requires treatment, and is rarely serious.

2. Deep phlebitis – It is the inflammation of a deeper, larger vein mostly caused due to a blood clot. Larger blood clots can develop, which may break off and travel to the lungs, that can lead to a condition called pulmonary embolism .

Causes Phlebitis
Phlebitis is caused either by an injury or irritation in the lining of a blood vessel.

Superficial phlebitis may be due to a small blood clot, placement of an IV catheter , an infection, or the use of irritating medicines into your veins.

Deep phlebitis is caused due to the following reasons:
Injury in the deep vein caused by trauma such as surgery, broken bone, or serious injury.
Excess of blood clots more than usual, due to medications, connective tissue disorders, cancer, or inherited blood clotting conditions.
Slower blood flow due to lack of motion.

Symptoms Of Phlebitis
The symptoms mostly appear in the arms and legs which include the following:
Swelling
Redness
Tenderness
Warmth Visible red streaking on the arms and legs Rope-like structure that you can feel through the skin
If phlebitis is caused by deep vein thrombosis (DVT), you may notice pain in your calf or thigh.

Treatment Of Phlebitis

The treatment for superficial phlebitis includes warm compresses, removal of an IV catheter, or antibiotics if an infection is suspected. For treating deep vein thrombosis (DVT), you may need to take anticoagulants. If DVT is causing any further serious problem, a thrombectomy is done, where a surgeon inserts a wire and catheter into the affected vein and either removes the clot or dissolves it with medications that help in the breakdown of blood clots. If you have deep vein thrombosis and are at higher risk for pulmonary embolism, insertion of a filter into one of your major blood vessels may be recommended. These filters are removable and won’t prevent any blood clots from forming, but it will prevent blood clots from travelling to the lungs. Permanent filters cause complications like infection, life-threatening damage to the blood vessels, and enlargement of blood vessels around the filter.