EBM News
EBM News

Causes, Types, Symptoms of Cellulitis

The primary function of the skin, the largest organ of the body, is to protect the body from infections. But sometimes the skin becomes infected when pathogens such as bacteria, virus, or fungus start attacking it. In this article, we will be discussing cellulitis, a bacterial skin infection that develops in the deep layers of the skin.

Cellulitis is a common painful bacterial infection that usually affects the skin of the lower legs, but it can also occur on your face, arms or other parts of the body. The affected skin appears to be red and swollen and is quite painful and warm to the touch.

Cellulitis usually develops on the surface of the skin, but it may also affect the soft tissues underneath and spread to your lymph nodes and bloodstream.

Types Of Cellulitis

Breast cellulitis – It is a complication which can develop after radiation therapy for breast cancer [3] .

Periorbital cellulitis – This type of cellulitis develops around the eyes [4] .

Facial cellulitis – Facial cellulitis develops around the nose, cheeks and eyes [5] .

Perianal cellulitis – This type of infection infects the anus and rectum [6] .

Symptoms Of Cellulitis

Swelling and redness

Tenderness and pain

Warmth

Fever

Nausea

Shivers

Chills and cold sweats

Fatigue

A skin sore with pus

Dizziness

Lightheadedness

Muscle aches

Treatment Of Cellulitis [8]

Antibiotics are prescribed for 5 to 14 days for treating cellulitis. In most cases, after a few days, the symptoms disappear. If the infection is severe, you may need intravenous antibiotics. If your symptoms get worse, you may have to be hospitalized for a few days to ensure faster treatment. Your doctor may also advise rest and might recommend you to elevate the affected area, to aid in faster recovery.

Prevention Of Cellulitis

Avoid scratching an insect bite to prevent infection.

Treat cuts, wounds, and grazes to lower the risk of infection.

Keep your skin moisturised to prevents cracks in the skin.

Maintain a healthy weight.

Avoid smoking and limit alcohol consumption.