Eczema is most common in infants. It is estimated that around 50 per cent of infants develop eczema symptoms within their first year of life and around 95 per cent of them experience it before five years of age.
1. Aloe vera
Aloe vera gel is obtained from the leaves of the aloe vera plant. For centuries, people have been using aloe vera gel to treat a wide range of skin ailments including eczema. Aloe vera gel has antibacterial, anti-fungal, antimicrobial and wound-healing properties that may help manage eczema symptoms .
2. Virgin coconut oil
Virgin coconut oil possesses antibacterial properties that can significantly reduce eczema severity. Studies have shown the effectiveness of virgin coconut oil in patients with atopic dermatitis .
Honey is known for its medicinal properties; it has wound-healing, antibacterial and antifungal properties. Honey, particularly manuka honey, exhibits immunoregulatory and anti‐staphylococcal activities, which have been shown to effectively treat patients with eczema .
4. Colloidal oatmeal
Colloidal oatmeal is made from oats that have been ground to extract its skin-healing properties. Colloidal oatmeal contains antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities that soothe and soften inflamed skin, and several studies have shown that it is beneficial in treating atopic dermatitis .
5. Sunflower oil
Sunflower oil is extracted from sunflower seeds. And research studies have shown that it protects the skin’s outer layer, hydrates skin and relieves itching and inflammation. A 2006 study showed that sunflower oil can help treat eczema .
6. Evening primrose oil
Evening primrose oil is obtained from the evening primrose plant. Evening primrose oil is an excellent source of linoleic acid and gamma-linolenic acid. A 2018 study published in the Annals of Dermatology showed that evening primrose oil can be used effectively in treating mild atopic dermatitis.
7. Witch hazel
Witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana) is a plant with powerful medicinal properties. It contains antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties that can help treat inflammatory skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis. A 2015 study showed that witch hazel can be beneficial in reducing itching, skin redness and scaling in patients with moderate to serve eczema .
8. Neem oil
Neem oil is extracted from the neem seeds. Cold-pressed neem oil is widely used to treat eczema and other skin ailments such as acne, psoriasis and dry skin, etc. Neem oil has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties that help in the treatment of eczema . In addition, the essential fatty acids and vitamin E in neem oil help keep the skin moisturised and hydrated in eczema-prone areas.