Nosebleeds are a common problem that mostly occurs in adults and children aged between 3 and 10. Nosebleeds occur rarely and don’t always indicate signs of serious health problems. The nose contains many small blood vessels, which are situated close to the surface in the nose and are fragile and have the tendency to bleed easily. Drying of the nasal membranes and nose picking are the most common causes of nosebleeds. Nosebleeds are of two types – anterior nosebleed and posterior nosebleed. Anterior nosebleed occurs in the front of the nose and posterior nosebleed occurs in the back of the nose.
How To Stop A Nosebleed
Try to stay calm and relaxed because if you are nervous, it can actually make you bleed more.
Sit up and lean forward
Sit up and lean forward to prevent the bleeding from trickling down the back of your throat as this could lead to vomiting and it may irritate your stomach. By sitting up, the blood pressure in the veins of the nose reduces.
Pinch your nose
Use your thumb and index finger to press your nostrils and breathe through your mouth. Keep pressing it for 10 to 15 minutes as this will help put pressure on the part of the nose that’s bleeding and will stop the blood flow. If the bleeding continues even after 10-15 minutes, repeat the process for 10-15 minutes more. And avoid using any cotton pads, tampons, and tissues to stop the bleeding.
Use a decongestant nasal spray
Use a decongestant nasal spray such as oxymetazoline in both the nostrils. Press both your nostrils and breathe through your mouth for 5 to 10 minutes.
ow To Prevent Nosebleeds
Keep your nose moist
Dryness causes your nose to bleed, so keep the inside of your nose moist by applying petroleum jelly with the help of a cotton pad. You can also keep your nostrils moist with the help of a saline spray.
Clip your fingernails
Keep your fingernails short. If you have long and sharp fingernails you may prick your nose accidentally and it may start bleeding.
Use a humidifier
Humidifier adds moisture to the mucous membranes and prevents it from drying out, thus preventing a nosebleed.
Protect your nose
Consider wearing a protective nose mask while playing any kind of sports that may hurt your nose and cause a nosebleed.