metabolism is a set of life-sustaining chemical reactions in living organisms. These processes help generate energy from the food we eat; they help in converting food into building blocks for running cellular processes like proteins, fats/lipids, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals.
During the metabolic process, the calories of food and beverages are combined with oxygen to release energy from our body needs to function. The body’s energy generated through metabolism is used for all its internal and external processes like thinking, speaking, walking, heart pumping, breathing, digestion, and all body functions.
Factors That Affect Your Metabolism
Various factors such as diet, physical activity, sleep, stress, age and gender can cause the body’s metabolic rate.
1. Gender: Men tend to have a better metabolism than women. This because they have more muscle mass, heavier bones and lesser fat than women. This can get altered through a good exercise regime.
2. Genes: Metabolism can be passed down a generation. Genes cannot be changed, but a slow metabolic activity can be corrected through a good exercise regime.
3. Hormones: A shift in the hormonal balance is responsible for a sluggish metabolism. This can be controlled through a lifestyle change.
4. Lack of sleep: An undisturbed 6-8 hour sleep cycle is crucial to regulate the metabolic activity.