EBM News
EBM News

SILENT DISEASE – AN ARTICLE ON HYPERTENSION

Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from the same cells. Blood is made mostly of plasma, but 3 main type of blood cells like platelets, RBC and WBC circulate within the plasma. What happens if pressure in blood increases? Let’s see.

Hypertension:

A condition in which the force of the blood against the artery walls is too high. Blood pressure is broken into systolic and diastolic values. Normal blood pressure is defined as being below 120/80mmHg where 120 represents the systolic( maximum) and 80 represents the diastolic ( minimum) . Hypertension occurs when the blood pressure reaches aboveb140/90 mmHg.

Values of HT:

Normal: 120/80 mmHg

Prehypertension: 120-139/ 80-90 mmHg

High BP ( hypertension stage 1): 140-159/ 90-99mmHg

High BP ( hypertension stage 2): 160+ / 100+ mmHg

Hypertension crisis ( emergency stage): 180+ / 110+ mmHg

Causes of Hypertension:

Smoking, obesity, diabetes, having a sedentary lifestyle, lack of physical activity, high salt or alcohol intake levels, insufficient consumption of calcium, potassium or magnesium; deficiency of vitamin D, stress, ageing, chronic kidney disease, adrenal and thyroid conditions or tumours and high cholesterol.

Symptoms:

  • Headaches
  • Fatigue
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Vision problems
  • Chest pains
  • Breathing problems
  • Irregular Heartbeats
  • Blood in urine ( haematuria)

Diagnosis:

  • Sphygmomanometer
  • Stethoscope examination to record murmurs
  • ECG
  • Echocardiogram
  • Blood tests to measure electrolytes, blood urea nitrogen and creatinine levels ( to assess kidney involvement)
  • Lipid profile to deal with cholesterol
  • Hormone test for adrenal or thyroid gland
  • Urine tests for electrolytes and hormones
  • Ophthalmoscope to look for ocular damage
  • USG of kidneys, CT scan of abdomen
  • Chest X-ray
  • Doppler ultrasound.

Siddha and Ayurveda treatment:

  • Ashwagandha tablet
  • Arjuna tablet
  • Norbeepee tablet
  • Cardostab tablet
  • Marudham capsule
  • Asai choornam
  • Jeeragadhi arishtam

                  Hypertension is a silent killer. It is a major cause of morbidity and mortality and needs to be treated. Aim of the management is to save the target organ from the deleterious effect. Lifestyle modification should always be encouraged in all hypertensive patients.

  “ Free tension free

         Make a happy tree!!!!!”

Dr.R.Subhashini BSMS