EBM News
EBM News

Symptoms, Causes of Juvenile Diabetes

Every year, the month of November is observed as the Diabetes Awareness Month – celebrated globally to raise awareness about both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. And, 14 November is observed as World Diabetes Day which is the birthday of Sir Frederick Banting, who co-discovered insulin along with Charles Best in 1922. The theme of World Diabetes Day and Diabetes Awareness Month 2019 is ‘Family and Diabetes’. [1] . The day was initiated in 1991 by the IDF and the World Health Organization as a response to growing concerns about the escalating health threat posed by diabetes.

One of the most common health conditions to affect people, irrespective of age and gender, diabetes is of two types, type 1 and type 2. About 90 per cent of the cases diagnosed worldwide is type 2 [2] . In the current article, we will take a look at juvenile diabetes or type1 diabetes and how it can be managed.

Symptoms Of Juvenile Diabetes

The sings of the condition usually develop quickly in children and are as follows [3] :

Weight loss

Extreme hunger

Fatigue

Irritability

Behavioural change

Fruity-smelling breath

Increased thirst and frequent urination

Yeast infection

Blurred vision

Causes Of Juvenile Diabetes

Genetics and environmental factors are said to play a role in causing the condition in children. Consequently, the exact cause of juvenile or type 1 diabetes in children is unknown. It has been noted that, in children with type 1 diabetes, the body’s immune system mistakenly destroys insulin-producing (islet) cells in the pancreas [4]