Thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in your neck, which produces several hormones that have an impact on your metabolism function, hair growth, menstrual cycle and energy levels. When there is an abnormal production of thyroid hormones, thyroid problems occur.
There are two types of thyroid disorder: hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. When the thyroid gland produces excess hormones it is called hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism happens when the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormones.
1. Go on a healthy diet
A well-balanced diet which includes colourful fruits and vegetables rich in antioxidants, low-fat dairy products and whole grains can help manage or prevent thyroid problems. Consuming foods rich in vitamin B12, such as peas, asparagus, sesame seeds, tuna, eggs, milk and cheese can help the thyroid gland to function properly.
2. Have gluten-free foods
Thyroid disease is often accompanied by celiac disease because gluten when consumed damages the lining of the gut, which in turn, interferes with the hormones and causes inflammation that can affect your thyroid gland. If you have a thyroid disease, consume gluten-free foods like fruits, vegetables, legumes, fresh meat, fish and poultry .
3. Limit your sugar intake
Excess sugar consumption is harmful if you have a thyroid disease because it leads to increased inflammation in the body. Thyroid produces two hormones triiodothyronine, known as T3 and thyroxine, known as T4. An increase in inflammation can slow down the conversion of the T4 hormone to T3 hormone and this can worsen the symptoms of thyroid disease .
4. Eat probiotic-rich foods
Many gastrointestinal symptoms occur due to hypothyroidism. Therefore, eating probiotic foods such as yogurt, cheese, kefir and kombucha that contain active bacteria can help keep your stomach and intestines healthy.
5. Consume selenium-rich foods
Selenium is an important mineral that plays a vital role in thyroid hormone metabolism and it has been shown to help balance the thyroxine or T4 hormone. Eat selenium-rich foods such as turkey, Brazil nuts, tuna and grass-fed beef .
6. Eat iodine-rich foods
Iodine is another essential mineral used by the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones that helps control many important body functions. When the body does not have enough iodine, it can’t produce enough thyroid hormones, leading to hypothyroidism. Consume foods rich in iodine like shrimp, seaweed, oysters, yogurt and cheese .
7. Have iron-rich foods
Iron is an essential mineral required for thyroid hormone metabolism. A deficiency in iron can impair the synthesis of thyroid hormones leading to thyroid problems .
8. Reduce stress
Chronic stress triggers the dysfunction of thyroid hormones and if you already have thyroid it can make your thyroid symptoms worse. So, in order to avoid stress try a few relaxation exercises.
9. Practice yoga and meditation
Yoga and mediation can help manage thyroid disorders by improving the blood flow to your thyroid gland as well as relaxes the mind and body at the same time.
10. Try acupuncture
Acupuncture is an age-old healing practice used in traditional Chinese medicine. It is known to balance your thyroid hormones because acupuncture helps relieve muscle tension, stress and anxiety in people suffering from thyroid .