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EBM News

World Autoimmune Arthritis Day 2020: Foods To Eat And Avoid For Arthritis

World Autoimmune Arthritis Day is observed on 20 May every year. The day aims to raise awareness about autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases associated with arthritis. World Autoimmune Arthritis Day is organised by the International Foundation for Autoimmune and Autoinflammatory Arthritis (AiArthritis).

Autoimmune arthritis is a group of different types of arthritis, where a person’s immune system attacks itself . The most common type of autoimmune arthritis is rheumatoid arthritis. According to reports, almost half of the global population have one or the other form of autoimmune arthritis disease and only 50 per cent of them receive the proper diagnosis.

As aforementioned, autoimmune arthritis is defined as a group of different types of arthritis and arthritis is a condition in which the muscles around the joints of the body, such as knees, back, wrists, fingers, etc., get inflamed and stiffen, causing pain and restricted movement. This condition is mostly seen in people above the age of 60 and can worsen as they age.

There are over 100 types of arthritis. Different types cause different symptoms, and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis are among the most common types of autoimmune arthritis.

The symptoms of autoimmune arthritis vary depending on the specific underlying arthritis type, however, some of the common symptoms include fatigue, fever, joint pain, stiffness, swelling and weakness. In this article, we will explore the best and worst foods for an individual with arthritis.

Consistent pain in the joints which at times gets unbearable and makes you immobile is a major symptom of arthritis. The first thing one could do to prevent this symptom from worsening is to avoid certain foods that might trigger arthritis. There are some foods that are rich in saturated fats and sugars and can increase inflammation, increase the chances of heart diseases and cause overall damage to the body . But, there are some food items that can reduce inflammation and keep morning stiffness and soreness in check. There is no known cure for arthritis, but its symptoms can be under control by modifying your diet.

1. Whole Grains

According to studies, consuming whole grains in comparison to white bread, rice or pasta can reduce inflammation drastically. The fibre content present in whole grains can help reduce the inflammation . Also, whole grains help lower levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) in the blood, which is a prominent cause of inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis.

2. Fatty Fish

According to the studies, food items rich in omega-3 fatty acids can help lower inflammation . The marine omega-3 fatty acids found in fishes can cut down on bad cholesterol levels as rheumatoid arthritis can also put you at a greater risk of heart diseases. Therefore, eating good cholesterol can help you keep your heart healthy.

3. Green Vegetables

The vitamin E found in green leafy vegetables such as spinach and broccoli protects the body from inflammatory molecules . Green leafy veggies, also packed with vitamins and minerals such as calcium, iron and phytochemicals, can help in fighting inflammatory diseases, thereby making them extremely beneficial for people with arthritis.

4. Nuts

Nuts are a great source of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E that help in fighting inflammation effectively. Most varieties of nuts are rich in antioxidants that help to maintain and fight the damages caused by inflammation.

5. Olive Oil

Did you know that the Mediterranean diet is great for those suffering from inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis? Well, it is.

6. Berries Fruits

are a great way to keep inflammation caused in rheumatoid arthritis at bay. Did you know that berries are a great source of anti-inflammatory properties? Anthocyanins, which lends it its colour, is rich in anti-inflammatory properties . Hence, these foods can effectively cure inflammatory-related disorders.